Chemical peel uses either the AHA-alpha hydroxy acids (glycolic acid) or PHA – polyhydroxy acids (gluconic acid) or commonly called fruit acids for slight smoothing of the skin, reduction of pores and skin rejuvenation.
Depending on the depth of the penetration of chemical substances and subsequent exfoliation of the particular skin layers, chemical peel can be divided into three categories: superficial peel, medium depth peel and deep peel.
Superficial chemical peel
This type of chemical peel is done using glycolic acid, which is a non-toxic natural acid derived from sugarcane. Glycolic acid is also known as “AHA acid”. It gently removes the surface of the skin. This peel efficiently removes dead skin cells, assists the regeneration of your complexion, stimulates poor blood circulation, closes pores, and partially also reduces small scars. It has a significant influence on the activity and secretion of sebaceous glands and oily skin becomes less oily after this application. The therapy consists of 6 to 10 treatments.
Deep peel EASY TCA (trichloroacetic acid)
EASY TCA is considered to be the safest and the easiest TCA peel. This product allows for a wide spectrum of depths of action and therapeutic indications from acne to blotches, photo-ageing and stretch marks. It can be applied to both face and body. It can be combined with a laser treatment, hair removal, botulinum toxin and surgery treatments.
The basic application of Easy TCA has to be repeated 3 to 4 times, once a week. It penetrates into the derma – the middle part of the skin and therefore it has a more significant peeling and whitening effect. This will provide you with a nice and smooth skin.
- Progressive skin regeneration
- Photo ageing
- Acne, scars, hyper pigmentations
- Melanoma, chloasma
- Fine lines
This peel is suitable for patients desiring a quick result with a lower incidence of side effects. It consists of a peel solution, antioxidant and stimulating post peel mask, which is to be applied immediately after and the next day after the peel. The treatment can be undergone only once.
- Photo ageing
- Acnes, small scars, hyperpigmentations
- Melasma, chloasma
- Fine lines, skin firming
AHA and PHA acids
They belong to chemical methods for skin rejuvenation. AHA - alpha hydroxy acids or fruit acids are natural chemical substances. The most common fruit acids are glycolic, lactic and citric acids.
PHA – polyhydroxy acids – a new generation of fruit acids. The most well-known are gluconic and lactobionic acids. Their molecules are bigger and more effective.
Benefits of fruit acids
The skin is more hydrated, smooth, healthier looking, glowing and firmer.
Note: Beauticians tend to use a 20% concentration level of AHA and PHA acids while doctors 70%.
Microdermabrasion and chemical peel are suitable methods for anti-ageing, as after-sun bed exposure treatment, or as a recovery after a summer of sun when collagen in the skin is UV damaged. They are also suitable for acne-prone skin.