They can beauty marks but also a source of a dangerous disease. The human skin is covered with a smaller or bigger amount of pigmented and non-pigmented areas that tend to mutate under the influence of UV radiation and other factors. Therefore, it is inevitable to let these changes be monitored by experts. In general, moles are divided into malignant and benign tumours that can be in most cases easily removed. However, the most serious malignant melanoma that metastasises to distant organs, requires an immediate treatment.
Melanoma is considered to be one of the highly malignant tumours. And because of its rapid growth thousands of lives are lost annually. It can arise either from a pre-existing mole or directly from a healthy skin.
The dangerous ones are especially dark pigmented moles. Even a tiny growing three-millimetre black spot can be dangerous. What is important to notice is whether the mole changes colour, shape or whether it grows. It is dangerous when it itches, burns or bleeds. Melanoma is not only black. Sometimes they may develop a white halo around them or create other skin formations.
The danger of developing melanoma increases if you belong to one or several of the following categories:
- Pale, white skin phototype - fair skin, hair and eyes
- Genetics - a high number of freckles, previous appearance of melanoma on your skin or in your family
- Repetitive and strong sun burn, mainly before the age of 15
- Repetitive UV exposures (sun and sun beds)
Possibilities of the treatment
- Dermatoscopy and moles excision with histological verification
- Laser removal of benign skin growths and moles