Although pigmented lesions are not dangerous to health, they are a common reason why people go to the dermatologist’s. Pigmented lesions belong to the most common cosmetic problems. Ugly brown spots are caused by an increase in the production and storing of pigment (melanin) in the skin. This dermatologic imperfection, which certainly does not boost confidence, affects more women than men.
Pigmented spots are caused by various factors and to find out the reason of their appearance is not easy. Undesirable pigmentation can be caused by excessive sunbathing, the use of sun beds, scented cosmetics containing ethereal oils in combination with sun exposure as well as other factors such as pregnancy, hormonal contraception and skin ageing. UV radiation stimulates melanin-producing skin cells, causing pigmentation. On the skin surface small and bigger pigmented spots then appear.